Interpreting Notations on Fabric Samples, and other Fabric Information

Recommended cleaning method: Water-based (shampoo foam only, applied to covered cushions), WAshable (in cold water), P -- dry cleaning, Solvent-based spot cleaning or professional cleaning. Note that washing or dry cleaning are not normally recommended for cleaning. Cleaning by a professional service only is recommended for the W and S categories, especially in the case of velvets; but many people have used shampoo themselves with good results; be sure to “feather” around any spot cleaning.

O=olefin, N=Nylon, C=cotton, P= polyester, R= Rayon, A=Acrylic, V=vinyl. VV= 100% virgin vinyl, U= Urethane

X,000 DR refers to the number of "double rubs" that a fabric passes on the industry-standard abrasion-resistance test. 15,000 double rubs is the minimum to qualify for the heavy-duty rating, 12,000 is the minimum for medium duty, and 9,000 is the minimum for light duty.

"+6"or a similar + number: For a three-seat exposed-wood sofa, each plus level adds $35 ($60 for fully-upholstered), for a loveseat each + adds $25 ($45 for fully-upholstered), for a chair $15 (or $30). For a sectional, it’s proportional to the above. Please note that a higher price does not necessarily mean greater durability; often it only buys a fancy, but less practical, weave.

If you receive some fabric samples but not all you requested, other samples will probably be arriving separately.

If none of the samples seems right, please request another batch of samples. Also, larger samples are available in most cases. And keep in mind that you can find fabric locally that we can use; we can advise you as to yardage needed and other considerations, in such a case.

Please note that many fabrics, including all of our lowest-priced (but still generally quite durable) fabrics, can be seen on our website,

The outside of the fabric is usually the softer, more colorful or more tightly woven side; but we can sometimes turn it whichever way you prefer; flaws are more likely on the backside. If there is any doubt, be sure to specify which way you want it turned.

Fading from exposure to sunlight can be a problem with any fiber content; reds, blues, and darker colors in general are especially vulnerable. Cottons can actually disintegrate after extensive exposure to direct sunlight. Drapes and protective film on windows can help greatly. Easy-to-change covers, as on our exposed-wood models, also are helpful.

Nylon and olefin are the most durable and cleanable of the fiber contents, polyester is very good, and rayon and acrylic are intermediate. But there are other considerations. A heavy-weight, tightly-woven cotton fabric, especially if blended with a synthetic, could outwear a loosely–woven nylon. Light, plain fabrics can be a problem to keep clean-looking even if nylon or olefin, given heavy exposure. Nylons sometimes “pill”. Some people find synthetics, especially some olefins, to be unpleasant to feel; if that concerns you, test the samples against your skin.

To help hold down our costs, please return all samples (including any wood samples) when you are through with them. If you request it, we will send you a check for the amount of your postage plus $5 for your trouble. Please return samples to us, unless it is specified differently on somethng that accompanies the samples.T

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